Common Types of Allergies
Common Types of Allergies
Allergies have a genetic component, this means parents can pass them down to their children. Nonetheless, only a general susceptibility to an allergic reaction is genetic. An allergy is an immune system response to a foreign substance that’s not commonly harmful to your body. These foreign substances are called allergens. They can include pet dander, pollen, or certain foods.
Do not self-diagnose. The symptoms and signs of allergies are common to many other medical conditions. It is important to see your doctor for professional diagnosis and treatment.
There are many different allergens, but they all share one thing in common, protein. Some allergens don’t contain protein, to begin with, but bind with protein once inside the body to provoke an allergic reaction.
Common allergens include:
- Animal dander. Such as the fur and skin flakes from domestic pets such as cats and dogs.
- Insects. Such as dust mites and the venom from bees, ticks, ants, and wasps.
- Plants. Pollen from grasses and plants.
- Molds. Such as mushroom and mold spores.
- Chemicals. Including industrial and household chemicals and chemical products such as latex rubber.
- Medicines. Including prescription medications (such as penicillin), over-the-counter medicines (such as aspirin), and herbal preparations.
- Food. Such as crustaceans, eggs, fish, milk, peanuts, tree nuts (for example, almonds, cashews, pecans, and walnuts), sesame, and soy products.
Types of skin allergies include:
- Eczema. Patches of skin become inflamed and can itch and bleed.
- Itching. There’s irritation or inflammation in the skin.
- Sore throat. The pharynx or throat is irritated or inflamed.
- Swollen eyes. Eyes may be watery or itchy and look “puffy.”
- Contact dermatitis. Red, itchy patches of skin develop almost immediately after contact with an allergen.
- Hives. Red, itchy, and raised welts of various sizes and shapes to develop on the surface of the skin.
- Burning. Skin inflammation leads to discomfort and stinging sensations on the skin.
- Rashes. Areas of skin are irritated, red, or swollen, and can be painful or itchy.
The symptoms of an allergy range from mild to severe. The most severe type of allergic reaction is anaphylaxis, which may cause death without prompt medical attention. In most cases, effective treatments are available to manage or treat allergy symptoms.
The best way to avoid allergies is to stay away from whatever triggers the reaction. If that’s not possible, there are treatment options available. Allergy treatment often includes medications like antihistamines to control symptoms. The medication can be over the counter or prescription. What your doctor recommends depends on the severity of your allergies.
A lot of natural remedies and supplements are selected as a treatment and even a way to prevent allergies. Discuss these with your specialist before trying them. Some natural treatments may actually be composed of other allergens and make your symptoms worse.
That is to say, some dried teas use plants and flowers that are commonly related to plants that might be causing you serious sneezing. The same is true for some essential oils, people use these oils to relieve common symptoms of allergies, but essential oils still contain ingredients that can cause allergies.